Chapati recipe, How to make soft chapati Recipe


Chapati has become a regular food even in south indian house holds. When I was young, I remember chapathi’s being made only very rarely. It was always poori that was made regularly. The chapathi dough was mixed with a good amount of oil for flavor and softness. If made correctly, the extra oil isn’t even necessary. We will be making chapati dough using a technique used in baking called autolyse.

What is Autolyse?

Autolyse is a term used in baking breads. It is nothing but a resting period between mixing and kneading. It helps the flour to absorb more liquid. Its nothing but mixing the flour and water just until mixed and the water is not seen anymore. Mixing too much will activate the gluten in the flour too much and interfere in absorption of water by the flour. Salt is never added to the flour during autolyse according to Raymond Calvel, inventor of autolyse as it inhibits the absorption process.

Note: Indian Chakki Atta (whole wheat flour) is preferred for this recipe.

Here is how to make chapati dough

This is a 50% hydration dough. We will be using 1 cup flour to 1/2 cup water (by volume).

Put one cup of flour in a bowl. Add half a cup of water and mix with a spoon. We are not trying to knead anything yet. Just mix. When there is no more water visible, stop mixing. Cover the bowl and let it rest for 30 minutes.


After 30 minutes, add the salt, gently mix the dough for 2 minutes, just enough to gather the dough into one piece. Cover the bowl and set aside for 30 minutes.



Divide the dough into lime size balls. Set an iron pan on medium high heat. Let it become hot. Take a dough ball and generously dust it with flour. Roll the dough into a 4 inch round on a flat smooth surface using a rolling pin. Place the chapati on the hot griddle. Let it cook for 10-15 seconds until bubbles start to form on top. Flip the chapati and cook for 30 seconds more. Gently press on top of the chapati to make the chapati fluff up. Flip one more time and press on top. Chapati should beautifully fluff up. If making phulkas, just flip on direct flame and it will fluff up. See video below for more details.


Some of you have complained that the dough being little sticky and rolling has been a problem. The wheat flour differs from place to place and from brand to brand. Its perfectly ok to mix in some dry flour to the dough to make it soft and pliable after the 30 minute rest. Chapati dough should not be sticky. You should be able to roll it well after the initial dusting in the flour. So feel free to add flour if need be. 


Two flip method.
Ensuring that the chapati is flipped only twice during cooking makes for a soft and fluffy chapati.


Storing chapatis
Line a bowl with cotton towel. Place the cooked chapati on the bowl and cover with a towel. Chapati will stay beautifully soft for a long time.

Here is the video of how to make soft chapati

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Soft chapati recipe

Recipe for making chapati and roti using autolyse technique. Chapathi stays soft for a long time without getting dry. No knead chapati dough.

  • Total Time: 1 hour 20 mins
  • Yield: 10 1x


  • 1 Cup Whole Wheat Flour, Atta
  • 1/2 Cup Water, at room temperature
  • 1 teaspoon salt


  1. Put one cup of flour in a bowl. Add half a cup of water and mix with a spoon. When there is no more water visible, stop mixing. Cover the bowl and let it rest for 30 minutes.
  2. After 30 minutes, add the salt, gently mix the dough for 2 minutes, just enough to gather the dough into one piece. Cover the bowl and set aside for 30 minutes.
  3. Divide the dough into lime size balls. Set an iron pan on medium high heat. Let it become hot. Take a dough ball and generously dust it with flour. Roll the dough into a 4 inch round on a flat smooth surface using a rolling pin. Place the chapati on the hot griddle. Let it cook for 10-15 seconds until bubbles starts to form on top. Flip the chapati and cook for 30 seconds more. Gently press on top of the chapati to make the chapati fluff up. Flip one more time and press on top. Chapati should beautifully fluff up. If making phulkas, just flip on direct flame and it will fluff up.
  4. Line a bowl with cotton towel. Place the cooked chapati on the bowl and cover with a towel. Chapati will stay beautifully soft for a long time.


The original idea of autolyse chapati is from Mr. Ramakrishnan, founder of OPOS – one pot one shot cooking technique

  • Author: Kannamma - Suguna Vinodh
  • Prep Time: 1 hour
  • Cook Time: 20 mins
  • Category: Roti / Breads
  • Cuisine: Indian


158 thoughts on “Chapati recipe, How to make soft chapati Recipe”

  1. Isvaripati Das

    I’ve been making chapatis on and off for nearly 50 years, starting in the St Louis Hare Krishna temple. Recently I’ve been having trouble making my chapatis puff. I followed this recipe except that I used 1/2 whole wheat flour (we used that in the temple and I like the taste) and 1/2 atta.
    All of them fully puffed and are so wonderfully soft. I think (I hope) Krishna was greatly pleased when I offered them. They are the best chapatis I’ve ever made! Thank you so very much, Suguna.

  2. I see no oil at all either at dough making stage or on the tava stage.

    I m going to try and see if they cone out lije my usyao biscuit hard or soft like yr video!!

    Wait for my second comment!

  3. Please ignore my previous comment about hydration. I looked at other comments. Hydration has to be by weight, not volume. A cup of whole wheat is about 140 grams and a cup of water is 230. Half a cup is 115. So the hydration in your recipe is 115/ 140 = 82%

    This wouldn’t matter to most people but I was looking specifically for hydration and if I had used that method [just weighing flour and then adding 50% water by weight] then the dough would have been pretty stiff. I see several people have commented on the hydration. Would it be difficult for you to change that to around 80-85% because flours do differ?

    1. Does it matter? as long as we get what we want?
      May be you can further calculate molar weight ratiio of the two.

  4. Thank you so much for giving the hydration! I understand hydration from making bread and I googled specifically to find out what an expert says. Your site came up for the phrase ‘soft Chappatis’. I don’t thnk many people search for hydration but it is extremely helpful.
    I have been making chappatis for years, basically going by the feel of the dough, but sometimes they are softer, sometimes not, and I want soft chappatis. I make them the same way you show with resting time for water absorption but I made the dough in the cuisinart. I form the balls, flatten them a little, freeze them on a sheet and then put them in a baggie. I don’t have a gas range, unfortunately but sometimes I put a rack over the hot electric burner and after the second flip let them puff up that way.

  5. Thanks for sharing this recipe. For a long time I struggled with making soft chapatis. Thankfully this technique is easy and chapatis come out soft. I plan to get the Atta flour for the perfect results. My husband loved the chapatis too.))

  6. Taweesak Klinkong

    You say this recipe has 50% hydration. The flour 1 cup or 130 g to mix with water 1/2 cup or 236/2=118 g. The hydration should be 118/130×100 or 90%. Is this correct?

    1. Going by your calculations its 90% hydration. 118/130ร—100. The higher the hydation the softer the chapati. I tried the receipe with ordinary wheat flour and they came out soft. I plan to use Atta flour next time.

      * Even at 66%hydration 330/500ร—100 the chapatis came out soft.

  7. I love making these, they are very easy to do although I don’t have a cast iron pan so mine can’t be as good as if I did have one.

    Interestingly, my matzoh recipe is very similar: 1 Cup flour, 1/2 Cup water, (salt is optional and usually not used), roll flat as possible, and then the difference is prick with fork and bake in very hot (475 degrees F) oven for about 4 minutes. All of this must be done within 18 minutes or else the matzot will not be acceptable for Pesach (absolutely nothing leavened).

  8. Tried this and made softest chapathis I have ever made .. Thanks for sharing such a wonderful recipe

  9. This is the most minimal, improved and simple to utilize chapati making machine accessible in the Indian market. You should simply to make the batter balls manually, and afterward place them in the machine. The machine then, at that point, deals with the squeezing and baking. The whole framework is intended to guarantee ensured fulfillment to the purchaser alongside 100% responsibility of normalized large scale manufacturing.

  10. I am so excited that I found this recipe. I was just speaking with an Indian gentleman, and he was carrying a 20 lb bag of Atta flour. I asked questions and he shared with me to the Indian flour. I am going to make this, because I enjoy flat bread very much.

  11. Thank you so so much for posting this! The instructions and wonderful video were so helpful. Now, I can say, I’ve made my first batch of proper chapatis. In the past, I had no idea why they were so hard or ‘doughy’. These are delicious! My daughter is going to be so surprised. Usually the only good ones we get are at the restaurants. Thanks again.

  12. I tried this recipe , as my chapatis were good but not as soft as yours or my mom’s chapatis , i wanted to surprise my family , but they are becoming too crispy or too powdery , is there a solution?

  13. I came to this recipe when looking for a recipe that measured the flour by weight. This is very interesting — there is no kneading at all of the dough but surely after the second rest there is a very short kneading period. No?

    I am in Canada with harder flour than the US. I was going to use 2/3 whole wheat 1/3 all purpose this time. I have been making chappatis for many years but your method is different. I will see what happens.
    Toby [Salt Spring island, BC Canada]

  14. I tried it today. My phulkas were fluffy but became dry and hard after few minutes. I had to consume them immediately so that they don’t become more dry in the fridge. Any idea what I need to change?


    1. Hi,
      Do you think I Could substitute a little water with oil to make them softer for longer and would these be ok to freeze ?

  16. Hi have tried ur Chapati recipe successfully a couple of times. Thanks for such a wonderful recipe. But lately when I used Sharbatti atta , my chapatiโ€™s tore while rolling and the dough became very sticky after I stored it in the fridge. Help please. Your chapati recipe has become a family favourite

  17. My husband would make excuses and hide every time I made chapati but now he eats the whole stack, these chapati are softer than the ones my lovely mother in law makes, thank you for the easiest and best recipe!

  18. thedroidwhisperer

    I followed your recipe and for the first time ever made made soft fluffy chapatis! I also added a little bit of ghee along with the salt. Thank you for this.

  19. When you speak of hydration percentage, it is not done by volume measures, it’s always by weight. These are Baker’s percentages. Your recipe, 1c of flour and 1/2c water converts roughly to 4.25 oz (120gram) flour, and 4oz (112g) water. The hydration percentage is 93%, not 50%.

    Your information about autolyse is correct. Hydration percentage is a key distinguishing factor in breads,and important to discuss it clearly. I liked your adticle about why atta differs from western type flours, roller milled vs chakki milled (stone ground).

    One of the problems when using volume measures is, it’s hard to accurately measure one cup the same way twice due to compaction, and also as one of the replies in this recipe notes, different flours, from different areas behave differently. It’s always best to provide weights of ingredients to be clear.

    1. Great recipe. Thanks for taking the time to write it and put online.
      Shame about one of the reviews where itโ€™s clear the person is a know it all!!!

    2. Taweesak Klinkong

      Yes, I am too confused about the hydration percentage. Definitely, It’s not 50% hydration as I understood. It should be over 90%.

  20. Iโ€™m excited by the idea of puffed chapatis! Sounds like something the kids might enjoy making too since it sounds pretty simple (I think!). Thanks for the great post!

  21. Excellent information. Loved the measure of water (50%) and the details about autolyse and mixing salt after resting. This would be done intuitively by experts but always defeats the beginner like me!

  22. Many thanks for the tips, is my understanding correct that after placing cooked roti in the bowl, cover the bowl with towel, please correct me if iam wrong.

    1. Hi Sandhya, Place a towel inside the bowl. Place the chapatis on the towel lined bowl. So the hot steam from hot chapatis will be absorbed by the towel, and the chapatis wont become soggy.

      1. As I make them I place the cooked roti in a plastic bag and seal with a twist tie. Steam keeps them soft. No need for a towel.

        1. Hi, plastic made items used storing hot items are not good for our health reason why most Indian cooking utensils as well bowls etc are made of stainless steels.

  23. Arthi Soundararajan

    My dough was v thick .. N chapattis were a lil hard.. It did puff up but not so much.. Can I add lil more water ?

  24. Rajpal Rawal

    Thanks very much. You made the basics clear. I understood where I had been wrong. Thank you very much.
    Water is always a little less than half of the quantity of the flower taken

  25. I tried your recipe and was so pleased that my chapati turned out great! Not all puffed up as in your video but those that did really made me so happy! Thank you for the detailed explanation and recipe. I’m so gonna make this again soon!

  26. Hi
    I have a doubt
    If I was use totilla press instead of hand to make chapathi then the chapathi wasnโ€™t fluffy and puffed
    So please give me any suggestions

  27. Iโ€™m glad I came across this site! Saved a lot of my time and effort required. The chapathis turned out super soft. Thank you very much for sharing. Appreciate your help.

  28. Dilip Rajgariah

    Which water is better to knead
    Hot or cold ?

    Which dough is better
    Well kneaded or less kneaded

  29. Hi! Is it ok if I don’t add the salt? Trying to make chapatis for a person with hypertension. =)

  30. Hi, Love your blog and the 10 min kurma was awesome !! I tried my hand at this , twice and both the times the dough ended up way too sticky. It was soft, I could feel it, but really sticky, that I couldn’t roll it out. I had to use nearly another 0.5 cup of flour in rolling it out.

    Any idea what I could be doing wrong ? Are the timings strict ( 30 min blocks ) ? It was about 45 mins before I could add the salt, so did the 15 extra mins mess it up ?

    1. It might be because of the way you measure flour. Also the wheat flour sometimes takes in less water and sometimes more. Its perfectly ok to add flour if need be.

  31. Kevin Ignatius

    Hi. I’m not sure what happened, however the dough continued to be moist making it quite sticky to cook.
    Any idea on what I should be doing differently?

    1. If the dough is very moist, add in more flour. Dont be afraid to add more flour. Everyone measures flour differently. Its perfectly ok to add a few tablespoons of flour if need be.

  32. Hello

    Cant thank u enough cos I never could make chapathi and now with ur method, i get it perfectly right. I am also trying to add oats flour, besan and ragi flour…what ratio would u suggest for 1 cup of flour and how much water should I add?

  33. Priyanka Patel

    I tried your recipe. 1/2 cup water for 1 cup flour is too much. Also in your video, you’ve certainly added more flour than mentioned.

  34. Hi was lookin at this recipe for the chapati..jus a small doubt..v don’t add salt to our do I still need to mix it at the end of 30 mins n let it rest again for 30 mins or r the first 30 mins good enough. .
    Thanks ?

  35. This recipe finally came out right after several attempts. My first mistakes was i was using USA whole wheat flour instead of Atta. It was not puffing up. I finally got atta after reading your blog on why use atta instead of traditional whole wheat flour. Second i was pressing on the chapati too hard and it was not fluffing . I finally learnt the art of gently pressing on the chapatti and using atta flour and they have come out very well, repeatedly. My children love it .. thank you

      1. Dear Suguna , quick question, do you use any special griddle for the rotis? i was browsing your dosa recipes where you recommended using cast iron griddle . FYI i have been using my cast iron pan to make the chapatis/rotis . thank you

  36. Your method just saved me from Chapathi shame – the feeling that I can never figure it out ! It’s worked wonderfully well every single time and the Chapathi store well too ( that’s a plus!!!).
    Most days we come home late and it’s so hard waiting for a whole whopping hour to start rolling them out. Do you think if I make the dough in the morning it will turn out okay ? The same texture etc. such an odd conundrum… too little time to roll out in the morning and too log a time to wait to roll them in the evening. Let me know and thanks once again !

  37. Thanks for the recipe. Please don’t make phulkas on direct LPG flame as it’s not good for health. Instead try wooden flame ?

  38. Waoo.. I was just in need of this .I love you . this process is so simple . I wasted so much energy and time before. But now I would always wasn’t to make chapatis .hahahh .. Thank you very much mam.

  39. Thank you thank you! I tried this out and the phulkhas came out just perfect! I had previously been kneading waaaay to much and messing it up.

  40. Not a good recipe..not good website too.I have made worst chapati today by seeing this recipe.rolling is really very hard as the dough was more soft..

    1. This is an amazing website. Just because you tried a recipe and it didn’t work, please don’t say that it is not a good website. I have tried several recipes and all have come out AMAZING. Try out things and learn to ask questions if something goes wrong instead of placing blame. There could be many reasons this didn’t work for you (water hardness, quality and type of flour used, amount of water).

    2. You probably sure is her jealous neighbour , how rude u could be , I can imagine how vicious your mind is , let the almighty save us all from such vicious n worthless characters like u ,,,

  41. Hello..I have tried this recipe 2 times.the dough becomes so soft that it is really very difficult to roll.even after adding so much wheat powder to make the dough manageable I was not able to make it proper.last week I had tried once.again today I have made chapathi using this recipe really felt very difficult to roll much dusting is needed

  42. Thank-you very much,mam. I tried your recipe it was nice and tasty,really the way you present made me very impressive.

    With regards
    Alamelu Visagai

  43. Kannamba Daughter

    hi checked most of the recipe’s wonderful and easy to cook thank’s for this blog ๐Ÿ™‚

  44. Kannamba Daughter

    hi Kannamma.
    1 teaspoon salt is become more & more for one cup of wheat flour dough .i think its pinch of salt . sorry to say i think kindly cross check it once

  45. Hey kannamma! Hope u r doing well…

    Just came across ur blog and had a glimpse of the recipes…very impressed by ur recipe collection! Will definitely start trying them soon.

    Well, I wanna know which is best in terms of healthy food, whole wheat flour or chakki atta?

      1. Oh ok…didn’t know that! Thanks for ur reply…

        So the nutritional content in both are same. Isn’t it? Or does it differ? I mean any loss in nutrients due to chakki milling process? Sorry to bother with questions again and again?

  46. Just came across your blog. Wonderful collection of recipes. Tried the Madras chicken curry came out very well. Will be trying more recipes. Keep up the good work. ๐Ÿ™‚

  47. Suguna, such a thorough recipe and so scientific. I make it the same except for mixing the water and flour and resting in the beginning. Going to try this technique tonight. I know it is a everyday food for many of us, but reading your recipes are always a pleasure.

  48. Hi,

    I am jusr learning to make chapatis. I had tried making them in the past without success, but this time I was able to find atta flour, which seems to be the key.

    I have tried them twice, and most of them puffed. They were delicious, though, and leftovers stayed soft in a plastic bag for lunch the next day. However, I did have some sticking and/or burning, both on a nonstick pan and a well seasoned iron frypan.

    The pans I have are used for other foods as well. I thought perhaps I should have a pan devoted only to chapatis or other flatbreads made without oil. So this morning I bought a new lodge cast iron griddle.

    I was looking for seasoning tips online and just found your site – I will try your recipe next! Before I do, though, can you give me some advice how best to season ny new pan before I use it? Should I use any oil at all on it, or maybe just rub it with flour or cornmeal? I don’t want the pan to have baked-on oil, which seem to cause the burnt spots. Also, what is the best griddle temperature?

    Unfortunatly, I am now in my winter home, and only have an electric stove here, much to my frustration.

    Also, can atta flour be used for other baking? I know it is not suitable for yeast breads. The smallest bag I could buy was 20 pounds, and there are only two of us.


    1. Hi, to avoid the chapatis sticking, you can slightly grease the pan with a tissue dipped in oil. If the heat is high, the burning is more. Just grease the pan with a tissue before every chapati. That should solve the burning problem.
      You can see my post on how to season a pan to get more details on seasoning.
      About using atta flour, you can use 50% all purpose flour and 50% atta flour in your regular yeast bread recipes and it works.

  49. Hi Madam ,

    Nice description and vedio

    Tried this today , but when i added half cup water , the dough was a bit watery : Maybe the Atta which i used was the problem

    Did u recommend half cup water for all types of Attas ? ,or we need to add water gradually until we get a desired dough consistency.

    Thanks in advance

  50. Hi. I have tried making chapathi many times but never got soft chapathis. Even if little soft they become hard in a few seconds. But thanks to your recipe my chapathi stayed soft even for half an hour after i made.. thanks a lot. Also chapathis became little rubbery since dough was slightly to avoid that?

    1. Thank you Deepika. Try to avoid adding lot of flour while rolling, Also I have noticed, resting the dough longer helps, After the final kneading, rest the dough for more time. These days I make the dough, do the final kneading 3-4 hours before. The resting helps in more softer / better chapati I feel.

  51. Have failed at making Chapati a few times until i followed your instructions. Great video too! Thank you

  52. I had read many of your recipes and specially loved the tale behind that.Thanks for this recipe and for the first time my chapatti’s came soft .

  53. Gladly Stephen

    Had the best chapatis ever, using your recipe today, absolutely the best, didn’t even spread any ghee on afterward, they stayed soft for a long time. Thank you so much, keep up the great work ๐Ÿ™‚

  54. Hi, very nice mothod to prepare chapathi dough.. Thanks for saving our time and effort. I just want yo know if we can prepare it in the afternoon itself for making chapathis for dinner? Thank you.

  55. Hi. This is the easiest chapati dough recipe. Takes the guessing out of dough making. I have used it 3 times already – made parathas though(the kind where you roll it out round once, coat with a little oil, fold and then roll out again as a triangle) not chapatis. My family loves this. Thank you.

  56. Hi kannamma… The chapathis came out super soft.. probably for the first time as far as I can remember … Please please also post about how to make fluffed up Puris and parathas… Will be really indebted to you.. thanks again

  57. Hi.. Thanks for the yummy recipes. Tried your chapathi. They fluffed up really well. But it was a bit on rubbery side after making. Not sure what I did wrong. I used oil after few attempts. Any other tricks you would recommend??

  58. Hi.. Yesterday I tried ur idli recipe and it was so good..even dosa came out good from that batter.. today I tried ur roti recipe and that also came so soft.. I have never made such soft rotis.. thanks again for the wonderful

  59. Hello Suguna!

    So I saw this recipe last night and I was going to make it first thing in the morning…well, morning became early this evening but it didn’t matter…the result was excellent; soft roti! My son loves roti especially broken into pieces in a bowl of milk. He had two before bed. Love the format of both the text and videos of your recipes…hoping to try some more!

    Thank you,


  60. Hi Suguna,

    I use lodge iron cast pan for chapathis and I’ve induction/coil stove due to which I cannot pluff up pulkas/chapati like we do on gas stove. My husband loves North Indian food as he lived there for few years. He always praises the chapatis once we had in a gurudwara. I’ve been trying hard to perfect my chapati recipe from few years but I always end up with harder chapathis even though I use ghee or oil while cooking. I tried placing them in hot box too. I tried hundreds of times, tried different recipes, watched many videos. They will be little soft but not very soft. 1) Can you please tell me some more tips on cooking softer chapatis on lodge iron cast pan? 2) Does over cooking chapatis make them harder? I doubt if I cook them little longer. 3) What heat is good like medium/low-medium/medium-high? 4) how do I determine if chapati is cooked properly. 4) should I roll the chapathi too thin? 5) can I get softer chapatis on iron pan without using oil/ghee?

    1. Softer dough makes softer chapatis. You can try the autolyse method for making dough and it produces really soft chapatis. The iron pan is just a medium and it is not an assurance for getting soft chapatis. The dough will determine the end product. So lodge or not, its fine. Try storing cooked chapatis in a hot box lined with a towel. The steam will keep them soft.

  61. Suguna,
    I tried this using Aashirvad Atta , the dough was rubbery kind and did not fluff up. I saw it you have mentioned to use Chakki Fresh , Is there any specifications for Aashirvad ?

  62. Hello Suguna,

    I’m a huge fan of your recepies and how clearly you explain them. Can you share a recepie of mayonnaise…?

  63. Hi I love your recipes. I have tried your sambhar recipe. Turned out great. Do you have recipe for poori masala curry?

  64. Hello. What pan do you recommend for frying chapatis? I used a non-stick one earlier but the dry frying tends to remove the Teflon coating. I’d like to purchase something that’s most suitable for this job and long lasting too. Thanks

  65. Hi Suguna,
    Chappathi dough making process looks very different.I strongly believe on yours experiments.
    Would try soon. Mouth watering and fantastic video. Thank you very much for your efforts.

  66. Hi mam I tried idly milagai podi.its so good and tasty.usually I like to read your recipes and the way you explained very clearly each recipes thank you so much mam.

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